History Of the great Noble Prized Scientist Abdus Salam.

History Of the great Noble Prized Scientist Abdus Salam.

Doctor Abduls Slam described the theories of behavior and properties of elementary particles. He received Noble Prize in 1979 after the success of his theories in Physics, shared with Sheldon Glashow and Steven Weinberg.  Abduls Salam was the first Noble Prized Pakistani Scientist. Although these three men did most of their work independently, they each shared to the development of a theory that could take account of the ‘week’ and ‘electromagnetic’ interactions.  One of their Phenomena of neutral currents and their strengths was confirmed by the European organization of Neutral Research (CERN) in 1973 and latter on by the other groups. Another prediction of the theory of the existence of “Intermediate Vector Bosons” with high mass.

Abduls Salam was born at Sntokdas, Shawl Pakistan in January 29, 1926. His father was an official of the Department of Education in poor farming district Jhang. His family was a long piety and educated. Abduls Salam’s father, chaudhary Muhammad Husain , and mother, Hahira Husain Belonged to a punjabian family which converted in Islam in the 12the century. He naturally spoke Punjabi with a Savaii accent. At the age of 14 Abduls Salam passed the matriculation exam with highest marks at the Punjab University. After matriculation he won a full scholarship to the Government College University of Lahore. Abduls Salam was a versatile scholar, interested in Urdu, English Literature and mathematics. But he picked Mathematics, as a fourth year student he published his work on Srinivasa Rumanian’s problems in Mathematics. He took his Bask in Mathematics in1944.  His father wanted him to join the Indian Civil Service.  With the best wishes of his father Salam tried for the Indian Railway but, he failed in Medical Optical Test, the Mechanical Test required for the railway in order to gain commission in  Railway. After that Salam joined the graduate school of Government College University and received his M.A in Mathematics in 1949.   He received the Smith’s Prize in 1950, from the Cambridge University for the most outstanding pre –doctoral contribution to the Physics. At the time of completing the Degree Sir Fred Holy advised Salam to spend another year in Cavendish laboratory  to do research in Experimental Physics. But Salam decided to return to Hang, Punjab. He renewed his scholarship for his doctorate and returned to the United Kingdom. He obtained a PhD degree in Theoretical Physics from the Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge.  He has done comprehensive thesis and fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics.  By the time it was Published in 1951, and gained him and international reputation and the Adams Prize.  During his doctorial studies his mentors challenged him to solve and Intractable problem within one year which defined by such great minds as Dirac and Feynman. Salam accepted the challenge and found a solution within six months for the renormalization of the Meson Theory. After doctorate Slam served as Professor of Mathematics in Government College University Lahore, and Chairman of the Department of the Mathematics at the University of the Punjab. Slam was also the member of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences.  He was invited to take chair at Imperial College, London.  He and Paul Mathews set up the Department of Theoretical Physics at Imperial College London.

He worked with great Scientists such as Steven Weinberg, Tom Kibble, Gerald Germanic, Car Hagen, Riazuddin, and John Ward. In 1959 he becomes one of the youngest to be named Fellow of the Royal Society at the age of 33 He made inimitable work in the Physics with his fellow scientists.  Abduls Salam is Also Include in the founder of Nuclear Power in Pakistan. In1965 Salam led the established r an Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, in the same year, the Plutonium rector Pakistan Atomic Research Rector went critical under the leadership of Salam. He won 32 National and International Prizes and Medals due to inimitable work in the Science.

Abduls Salam died on 21November 1996 bat he age of 70 in Oxford, England after a Prolonged Illness. His body was brought to Pakistan and he buried in the Washita Atbara In Raba. He would live in the hearts of Pakistani’s forever. He showed the true Potential of Pakistan.

 

Abduls Salam died on 21st November 1996 at the age of 70 in Oxford, England after a prolonged illness. His body was brought to Pakistan and Kept in Daryl Zia fat, where 13,000 men and women visited to pay their last respects. About 30,000 people attended his funeral Prayers, and he buried in Batiste Atbara in Raba. His memory will live on forever in the hearts of Pakistanis’ as he showed the world the true potential of a Pakistani.


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