Shirin Ebadi, First Iranian Woman Judge

Shirin Ebadi, First Iranian Woman Judge

Shirin Ebadi Persian born Iranian lawyer and former Judge and Human rights activist. She is founder of Defenders of human Rights Center (also known as center for defense of human rights). Shirin Ebadi was awarded on 2003 with Nobel Prize for peace for significant and pioneering efforts for democracy and human rights. She is first person considered whose Nobel Prize was forcibly seized by the state authorities. She is been exile from Iran and now inhibited in United Kingdom (UK). In 2004 She was listed by Forbes magazine as one of top hundred most powerful and influential women of the world

Early life and Education

Shirin was born on 21 June 1947 in Hamadan (Iran). She takes admission in law from University of Tehran on 1965 and completed her graduation in 1969. After passing her qualification exams for judge , she start serving her responsibilities as judge and become first woman judge ever in Iran . Meanwhile her profession she also continued her study, she take admission for doctorate in law from university of Tehran (Iran) on 1971 and completed her doctorate on 1975. Completion of doctorate she becomes President of Tehran court, later after Iranian revolution she was prohibited for working as judge. She remains prohibited nearly eight years in Iran. In this time she utilized her time for writing books and articles.

Democracy and Political thoughts

Where She was a lawyer and judge also she was use to participate her time into politics.  During her seize time after Iranian revolution she wrote many books. In her book Iran Awakening She expressed her political and democratic thoughts as

“In the last 23 years, from the day I was stripped of my judgeship to the years of doing battle in the revolutionary courts of Tehran, I had repeated one refrain: an interpretation of Islam that is in harmony with equality and democracy is an authentic expression of faith. It is not religion that binds women, but the selective dictates of those who wish them cloistered. That belief, along with the conviction that changes in Iran must come peacefully and from within, has underpinned my work”

Nobel prize for Peace

She was awarded with Nobel Prize for peace on 10 October 2003 regarding her services and efforts for democracy and human rights. The selection committee praised remarks: “a courageous person who has never heeded the threat to her own safety”


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